What is chrono-nutrtion? Chrono-nutrition refers to the dynamic relationship between the timing of when it is that you eat and your nutritional deficits. Based upon these two components, the sum total of which effect your circadian rhythm, and what is most important is that your circadian rhythm underlies your mental health.
Chrono-nutrition is to do with your natural biological clock, think of your brain as having a clock which is linked to both day time and night time, both, rhythms of light and dark. These clocks all work together regulating your body clocks. There are many clocks in the body which regulate digestion, glucose, and hunger. Mood disorders occur when these clocks get out of sync. When your body clocks get out of rhythm, they dis-regulate the main body clock. Circadian rhythm significantly influences mood, eating disorders, and insomnia. The nutrients that you are eating, the medications that you are taking, as well as your exposure to light, all effect your sleep, weight cycle and mood.
If you wake too early in the morning or you wake and have depression and/or anxiety, or you wake with exhaustion, or on the other hand you find yourself chronically sleeping in late, feeling wired at night, or find that you have to use medication in order to get to sleep, these are all signs of circadian rhythm disruption.
Stress also alters your circadian rhythm, stress effects your cortisol level which in tern effects sleep, wakefulness, as well as fatigue. Excess cortisol in your system reduces your sleep quality and duration. Night shift workers are much more vulnerable to stress related illnesses including depression and anxiety, because your circadian rhythm is out of whack.
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a complex condition characterized by fatigue that persists for more than six months in a profound manor. It is more common in women, and co-occurs with fibromyalgia, a history of viral infections, trauma and chronic stress as well as exposure to chemicals and environmental toxins. Signs of chromo-nutrition imbalance are that of insomnia, depression, low mood, premenstrual syndrome, bulimia, dementia, fibromyalgia, as well as bipolar disorder.
Insomnia effects a high percentage of people. Insomnia is associated with major depression, anxiety disorder, as well as alcohol and drug abuse, and commonly occurs with bipolar disorder. Insomnia requires individualized treatment approaches. Your sleep wakefulness, meaning that your 24 hour circadian rhythm is controlled by your cortisol production. Hyper-arousal prevents sleep, and is often associated with high levels of evening cortisol.
Transient insomnia lasts for less than a week, which can be caused by having an illness, changing in sleep environment, the timing of sleep, changes in hormones and stress.
Acute insomnia is the inability to consistently stay asleep which includes difficulty falling asleep or having a restless sleep, and lasts for a period of less than a month.
Chronic insomnia, on the other hand can be a primary disorder or it can be caused by a medical or psychiatric disorder and last longer than a month.
Insomnia can lead to drug and alcohol use, and yet, on the other hand, drug and alcohol use can also increase the likelihood of insomnia. There are many things that effect your sleep, including chronic and acute pain, early childhood trauma, chronic stress, high levels of glucose and insulin resistance, diabetes, sleep apnea, poor diet, as well as caffein and energy drinks. All of these associations with insomnia increases a tendency for weight gain.
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